Perhaps you heard the news saying that son of Kris Aquino got a foot and mouth disease. At first, I thought that it was the food-and-mouth disease of of cloven-footed animals like pigs, cows, horses, sheep and goats.
I was a little shock because that disease infects only cloven footed animals and not humans. Consumption of meat of infected animals will not transmit the disease because the FMD virus is sensitive to stomach acid. There only few reports of human FMD infection, maybe entrance of virus through mouth wound opening.
Fortunately, it was not the foot-and-mouth disease that I thought. The disease is called Hand, Foot, & Mouth Disease (HFMD). So what are the difference? Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains:
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral illness of infants and children. The disease causes fever and blister-like eruptions in the mouth and/or a skin rash. HFMD is often confused with foot-and-mouth (also called hoof-and-mouth) disease, a disease of cattle, sheep, and swine; however, the two diseases are not related—they are caused by different viruses. Humans do not get the animal disease, and animals do not get the human disease.
The disease usually begins with a fever, poor appetite, malaise (feeling vaguely unwell), and often with a sore throat. One or 2 days after fever onset, painful sores usually develop in the mouth. They begin as small red spots that blister and then often become ulcers. The sores are usually located on the tongue, gums, and inside of the cheeks. A non-itchy skin rash develops over 1–2 days. The rash has flat or raised red spots, sometimes with blisters. The rash is usually located on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet; it may also appear on the buttocks and/or genitalia. A person with HFMD may have only the rash or only the mouth sores.
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