Sandoricum Koejape Burm / Santol
According to BPI, santol is found throughout the settled areas of the Philippines, either planted or semicultivated, and abundant in second-growth forests. It was perhaps introduced into the Archipelago, but is now thoroughly stablished. It is also reported from Siam and Indo-China throughout the Malayan region, where it is often cultivated.
I bet you know this fruit very well!
Nutritional Content Per 100 g of Edible Pulp
|Moisture||87.0 g||83.07-85.50 %||85.4 g|
|Protein||0.118 g||0.89 %||0.06 g|
|Fat||0.10 g||1.43 %||0.52 g|
|Fiber||0.1 g||2.30 %||1.26 g|
|Ash||0.31 g||0.65-0.88 %||0.39 g|
|Calcium||4.3 mg||0.01 %||5.38 mg|
|Phosphorus||17.4 mg||0.03 %||12.57 mg|
|Iron||0.42 mg||0.002 %||0.86 mg|
|Thiamine||0.045 mg||0.037 mg|
|Niacin||0.741 mg||0.016 mg|
|Ascorbic Acid||86.0 mg||0.78 mg|
*According to analyses of yellow, thick-skinned, acid fruits in Honduras.
**According to analyses of the red type in the Philippines.
***According to analyses of unspecified type in India. The pericarp contains glucose, sucrose, malic acid, tartaric acid and much pectin.
Table of nutrients was provided by Purdue University.
Uses and Benefits
- The root is mixed with the bark of Carapa obovata Blume, and used to combat leucorrhea.
- Crushed leaves are poulticed on itching skin.
- The aromatic, astringent root also serves the latter purpose, and is a potent remedy for diarrhea.
- Fever cure, fresh leaves are placed on the body to cause sweating and the leaf decoction is used to bathe the patient.
- The bitter bark, containing the slightly toxic sandoricum acid, an unnamed, toxic alkaloid, and a steroidal sapogenin, is applied on ringworm and also enters into a potion given a woman after childbirth.
- Root is crushed and blend with vinegar and water which is then given as a carminative and remedy for diarrhea and dysentery.
- An infusion of the fresh or dried root, or the bark, may be taken to relieve colic and stitch in the side.
- The root is a stomachic and antispasmodic and prized as a tonic.