Manufacturers of alcohol (wine, gin, beer, vodka, rum and the likes) should implement strict safety measures to prevent alcohol related fires. Alcohol related fires can be very damaging to properties and humans.
Two alcohol warehouses were converted to ashes due to fire. One warehouse was for storage of raw alcohol materials and the other one was for finished alcohol products. Nearby residents said that they heard a huge blast before the fire started. The fire almost last for ten hours. The fire fighters had no enough chemical solution that would hasten fire suppression.
The only edible alcohol is ethanol or ethyl alcohol. It is a clear colorless with pungent odor (pungent for me). It makes a blue smokeless flame.
Absolute alcohol is flammable. Less than 50% alcohol solution may still burn if heated sufficiently. A 40% rubbing alcohol burns. Gin and rum also produces flame. Even a 9% ABV (alcohol by volume) wine burns when poured in heated pan (some recipe requirement).The fire fighters bombarded the fire with water. The result was a diluted version of spilled alcohol which was still flammable. Then the huge fire evaporated the water to contradict the dilution effect. This was the reason why the fire lasted for almost ten hours.
A slight mistake can turn the whole distillery or winery to ashes. Be careful entrepreneur!
Alcoholic drinks or spirits are product of sugar fermentation. Any fruit commodity containing sugar can be fermented by yeast to produce alcohol. Even grains can be processed to alcohol my means of two stage fermentation process. Conversion of starch to sugar followed by conversion of sugar to ethanol.
Alcohol process yields ethyl alcohol or ethanol. Ethanol is the only edible alcohol. Other alcohol such as methanol causes health hazards. Adulteration of spirit with methanol causes blindness and death. Ten fisherman died in Philippine Quezon Province after drinking improperly processed lambanog. A ten ml ingestion of pure methanol is fatal.
Moderate alcohol drinking is beneficial . Moderation may depend on alcohol content of your chosen drink. A glass of wine a day is enough, a glass of whiskey can be over drinking and a glass of neutral grain spirit is too excessive.
Alcoholic beverages are classified according to their alcohol content by volume or ABV. Proof is double of ABV. In UK proof is ABV multiplied by 1.75. ABV is the standard used in declaring alcohol strength of spirits.
These are the alcohol contents of common spirits according to Wikipedia. Values are expressed in ABV. Some of these alcohols are illegal in many countries.
* Fruit juice (naturally occurring): less than 0.1%
* Low-alcohol beer: 0.0%–1.2%
* Kombucha: 0.5%
* Kvass: 0.05%–1.5%
* Cider: 2%–8.5%
* Beer: 2%–12% (most often 4%–6%)
* Alcopops: 4%–17.5%
* Makgeolli: 6.5%–7%
* Mead: 8%–16%
* Barley wine (strong ale): 8%–15%
* Wine: 9%–18% (most often 12.5%–14.5%)
* Dessert wine: 14%–25%
* Sake (rice wine): 15% (or 18%–20% if not diluted prior to bottling)
* Liqueurs: 15%–55%
* Fortified wine: 15.5%–20% (in the European Union, 18%–22%)
* Soju: 17%–45% (usually 19%)
* Shochu: 25%–45% (usually 25%)
* Bitters: 28-45%
* Mezcal, Tequila: 32%–60% (usually 40%)
* Vodka: 35%–50% (usually 40%)
* Pure vanilla extract: 35%+
* Brandy: 36%–60%
* Rum: 37.5%–80%
* Sotol: 38%–60%
* Nalewka: 40%–45%
* Gin: 40%–50%
* Whisky: 40%–55% (usually 40% or 43%)
* Baijiu: 40%–60%
* Palinka: 42%–86%
* Rakia and Raki: 42%–86%
* Bitters 45%
* Absinthe: 45%–89.9%
* Poteen: 60%–95%
* Neutral grain spirit: 85%–95%
* Rectified spirit: 96.5%
* Absolute alcohol: >99%