Nutritive Value of Pechay, Brassica rapa L.


Pechay (Brassica rapa L. cv group Pak Choi) is an erect, biennial herb, cultivated as an annual about 15-30 cm tall in vegetative stage. Ovate leaves are arranged spirally and spreading. The petioles are enlarged and grow upright forming a subcylindrical bundle. Inflorescence is a raceme with pale yellow flowers. Seeds are 1 mm in diameter and are reddish to blackish brown in color. (BPI)


It is use mainly for its immature, but fully expanded tender leaves. The succulent petioles are often the preferred part. It is used as main ingredient for soup and stir-fried dishes. In Chinese cuisine, its green petioles and leaves are also used as garnish.  Pechay is a good source of calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B. Decoction of the rhizomes and young leaves can be used for hemoptysis and coughs.

Nutritive Value of Pechay (per 100g edible portion)

Water                           93.0 g
Protein                          1.7 g
Fat                               0.2 g
Carbohydrates                3.1 g
Fiber                             0.7 g
Ash                              0.8 g
B-carotene                    2.3 g
Vitamin C                     53.0 mg
Calcium                     102.0 mg
Phosphorus                 46.0 mg
Iron                             2.6 mg
Energy Value                86.0 kJ

source: da-bpi

Health Benefits of Malunggay (Ben Oil Tree)


Malunggay, also known as Ben Oil Tree, has the following uses according to Bureau of Plant Industry:

a. Malungai is popularly known by them to be of use, particularly the young leaves, as a galactagogoue (promotes lactation). Father de Sta. Maria tells us that a decoction of the roots is used to cleanse sores and ulcers. Guerrero says that the bark is used as a rubefacient remedy. It is said that the roots of this tree, if chewed and applied to the bite of a snake, will prevent the poison from spreading. A decoction of the roots is considered antiscorbutic and is also given to delirious patients.


b. Nadkarni states that the leaves as a poultice are useful in reducing glandular swellings. The leaves are said to have purgative properties. Eating of the leaves is also recommended in gonorrhea on account of their diuretic action.

c. The roots have a taste somewhat like that of horse-radish, and in India are eaten by Europeans as a substitute for the latter. The fresh root is regarded as an acrid, pungent remedy, which is stimulant and diuretic.

d. In India and Indo-China the roots are regarded as antiscorbutic and when pounded are considered an effective poultice for inflammatory swellings. The root is rubefacient being applied externally in the form of a plaster as a counterirritant. The juice of the root, with milk is also useful as a decoction in hiccoughs, asthma, gout, lumbago, rheumatism, enlarged spleen or liver, internal and deep-seated inflammations, and calculous affections. A decoction or infusion of the root is an effective gargle. A decoction of the root is used in Nicaragua for dropsy. Kirtikar cites Rheede, who says that the root causes abortion.

e. Kamel reports that the bark is used as a rubefacient and vesicant. It is a popular abortifacient in India according to Kirtikar, Kirtikar and Basu and Waddel, and is regarded as antiscorbutic. A decoction of the root-bark is used as a fomentation to relieve spasm, and is considered useful in calculous affections.

f. The gum, mixed with sesame oil, is recommend to be poured into the ears for the relief of otalgia.  The gum is also given for intestinal complaints in Java.

g.The flowers are used in India for catarrh, with or in lieu of young leaves, or young pods.

h. The Ben oil from the seeds is said to be use foe salads and culinary purposes, and is a good illuminant. According to the bulletin of the Imperial Institute, the oil is particularly valuable for ointments since it can be kept for almost any length of time without undergoing oxidation. This property together with the absence of color, smell and taste, renders it peculiarly adapted for use in the “enfleurage” process of extracting perfumes. Dey, Nadkarni and Sanyal and Ghose say that the oil is used as an external application for rheumatism. Nadkarni states that the essential oil from the root is used externally as a rubefacient.

Forbidden Acts After Eating

One of my friend posted this on Facebook. I just want to share it to you guys. I wonder if the content is really true.

In case you don’t want to watch, the video tells the seven forbidden acts after eating.

1. Don’t smoke- Experiment from experts proves that smoking a cigarette after meal is comparable to smoking 10 cigarettes (chances of cancer is higher).

2. Don’t eat fruits immediately – Immediately eating fruits after meals will cause stomach to be bloated with air. Therefore take fruit 1-2 hr after meal or 1hr before meal.

3.Don’t drink tea – Because tea leaves contain a high content of acid. This substance will cause the Protein content in the food we consume to be hardened thus difficult to digest.

4.Don’t loosen your belt – Loosening the belt after a meal will easily cause the intestine to be twisted & blocked.

5. Don’t bathe – Bathing after meal will cause the increase of blood flow to the hands, legs & body thus the amount of blood around the stomach will therefore decrease. This will weaken the digestive system in our stomach.

6.Don’t walk about – People always say that after a meal walk a hundred steps and you will live till 99. In actual fact this is not true. Walking will cause the digestive system to be unable to absorb the nutrition from the food we intake.

7.Don’t sleep immediately – The food we intake will not be able to digest properly. Thus will lead to gastric & infection in our intestine.

Prerequisite for Organic Foods


The most expensive foods as of date are organics but they are also claimed as the  healthiest. Many marketers are encouraged to use the word organic as selling proposition. However, the use of the term is regulated.

To use the word organic, the merchant must apply a license under regulating agencies like US National Organic Program and Organic Certification Center of the Philippines. I never know if the authorities have enough power to punish violators.


Basic requirements for organic certification:

1. Plants. Use of chemical fertilizers like urea, sodium nitrate, ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate, ammonia and ammonium chloride are not permitted. All fertilizers should be of of natural sources. These are grasses, leaves, twigs, three trunks and animal manure. The common source of manure are poultry and piggery farms but they must conform to condition for animal raising. GMO plants (genetically modified organisms) are not considered as organic.

Restrict the use of chemical pesticides, herbicides and fungicide. Pest infestation are controlled by natural means. Some of these are the use of predator insects, manual worm removal, planting season interval and natural pesticides.

2. Animals. Prevent the use of over the counter medicine, formulated feeds, and growth hormones. The good examples are backyard goats and cows. The main food of these animals is grass so there is no need for chemically formulated feeds, drugs and growth boosters.

3. Processed Foods. Processing restrict the use of any chemical preservatives. Artificial flavors and colors are not permitted. Even sugar should be organic so white sugar is not exempted. Crude processed brown and muscovado sugar may do. All other ingredients must be of organic source.

Organic farming is a real pain. It is hard to follow due to following reasons:

1. Organic fertilizers contain only small amount of nutrients. Maximum harvest can be achieved through inorganic fertilizer application.

2. The best and quickest way to control pest infestation is by spraying chemical pesticides. A bunch or army worms can eat a hectare of pechay overnight.

3. Natural medicines for animals are rare.

4. It is very costly to produce organically processed foods. In addition, shelf life will be very short.


Sometimes I wonder if  the organic foods on groceries shelf or expo are really organics. In case you are really picky and want real organic. Then its time to plant your own fruits and vegetables, raise your own poultry and livestock and process your own food.

Distilled Drinking Water is Dangerous ?


This article bothers me. “Early Death Comes from Drinking Distilled Water”.  I am not a fan of distilled drinking water.  Our water comes from spring. It is clean and taste good so we use it as drinking water.

How come that distilled water would bring us early death. Distilled drinking water undergo the process such as filtration, distillation, reversed osmosis, etc… to ensure the safety of drinking public. Generally it is free from harmful substances and microorganisms. Everybody would agree that it is safe.  Why does distilled drinking water become unsafe. The article states the following reasons.

When water is freed from minerals, it becomes active absorber. It absorbs body minerals and take it out of our body. This may lead to various diseases.

Diet with distilled water can be dangerous because of the rapid loss of electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride) and trace minerals like magnesium. Deficiencies of which can cause heart beat irregularities and high blood.

Calcium may also be absorb and can lead to osteoporosis.

Consumption of distilled water is related to some cardiovascular diseases.

It absorbs carbon dioxide in air . The result is a more dangerous acidic water which is not good for our body.

Is this true ?